In 1838, the English statesman, Lord Brougham, designed a vehicle for himself and went to a London coach builder by name of Robinson to have the carriage built. Not quite satisfied, Lord Brougham redesigned the carriage and had Robinson build another in 1839. This version quickly became known as a Brougham. Prior to its construction there was no enclosed carriage designed to be pulled by one horse.
The Brougham might have been included in our Coach category; for it generally falls into that classification. We, however, have tried to make a distinction between servant driven vehicles and other coaches that might have been driven by their owners.
In America, this vehicle is also often referred to as a Coupe. In Europe, however, the Coupe is generally considered to have a swelled body and a rounded front panel. Notice the straight side and front panel on this coach. Many carriage manufacturing companies built Broughams and most of them produced varying styles and sizes of the vehicle that would accommodate from two to four passengers.
Pictured here is a beautiful specimen by Brewster & Company, of New York City, that was likely built very early in the 20th century. This particular Brougham has only a single inside seat for two people and is thus called a Bachelor Brougham.